High School Student Discovers New Planet Three Days Into His NASA Internship

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17-year-old Wolf Cukier discovered a new planet, 1,300 light-years away in the constellation Pictor, on the third day of his NASA internship (Credit: Wolf Cukier)

When 17-year-old Wolf Cukier accepted an internship at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, last summer, he expected to be challenged and gain insights into pursuing a career in astrophysics. Instead, the high school junior from Scarsdale, New York, attained worldwide fame for an achievement that eludes most astronomers — finding a new planet! Even more impressive, Cukier made the discovery on the third day of his two-month-long internship at the US Space Agency.

The teenager came across the distant world while examining images of the variations in star brightness captured by NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) and uploaded to Planet Hunters TESS by amateur citizen astronomers. “I was looking through the data for everything the volunteers had flagged as an eclipsing binary, a system where two stars circle around each other and from our view eclipse each other every orbit,” Cukier said. “About three days into my internship, I saw a signal from a system called TOI 1338. At first, I thought it was a stellar eclipse [an eclipse of one star by another in a binary system] but the timing was wrong. It turned out to be a planet.”

Artist's rendition of TOI 1338 b (depicted as the black dot) and the two stars it orbits (Credit: NASA.gov)

And it was no ordinary planet either. Further research by Cukier and a team of scientists from Goddard, San Diego State University, the University of Chicago, and other institutions revealed that TOI 1338 b, as it is now called, is a rare circumbinary planet — a world orbiting two stars. NASA's Kepler Space Telescope and K2 missions have only been able to detect two dozen such planets since 1993. Even more exciting, TOI 1338 b is the first circumbinary world discovered by the TESS mission, which was launched in April 2018 to seek out exoplanets using the transit method.

The researchers, who unveiled their findings on January 6, 2020 at the 235th American Astronomical Society meeting in Honolulu, Hawaii, believe that TOI 1338 b is about 6.9 times larger than Earth, or between the sizes of Neptune and Saturn. It is also the only planet in the TOI 1338 system, which lies 1,300 light-years away from Earth in the constellation Pictor. The experts assert that TOI 1338 b's two stars, which orbit each other every 15 days, vary in size. One is about 10 percent bigger than our Sun, while the other is cooler, dimmer, and measures just one-third our Sun’s mass.

Launched in April 2018, NASA's TESS mission aims to discover new Earths-sized planets and super-Earths in the solar neighborhood (Credit: NASA.gov)

Cukier, an avid Star Wars fan, likens his discovery to Luke Skywalker's fictional home, Tatooine, in the epic movie franchise. "It's very much like Tatooine, at least how the stars would appear in the sky," he says. "So, it would also have a double sunset." Unfortunately, the real-life "Tatooine" is made entirely of gas and is most likely too hot to be habitable.

Not surprisingly, the Scarsdale High School senior is looking to pursue a career in physics and astrophysics. When asked of his plans to seek out a job at NASA after his discovery, the youngster quipped, "I've no idea about NASA's hiring practices but it can't hurt! It's a good thing to have on my CV." He adds, “A career in space research is appealing."

Resources: NASA.gov, BBC.com

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223 Comments
  • bdubood
    bduboodWednesday, March 31, 2021 at 9:07 am
    Wow If i found A planet i would name it Planet Ace Arlo! IDK why i came up with that but thats that
    • eagle_fan11
      eagle_fan11Wednesday, March 31, 2021 at 3:40 am
      A-W-E-S-O-M-E!!!!!!!!!!
      • kurz
        kurzFriday, January 22, 2021 at 8:37 am
        I want to discover and name a planet!!!
        • galacticmermaid
          galacticmermaidFriday, January 15, 2021 at 10:37 am
          A-W-E-S-O-M-E!
          • mary_jane77
            mary_jane77Thursday, March 25, 2021 at 9:32 am
            Awsome indeed if you find a new planet you could probaly get thousands if i foud a planet i would name it after my sister jess
          • trinitrotoluine
            trinitrotoluineThursday, December 17, 2020 at 12:38 pm
            I LIKE ANIME! AND THIS TOO!
            • ageraid
              ageraidThursday, October 8, 2020 at 6:34 am
              Sick!!!!!!!!
              • minimae5
                minimae5Friday, June 26, 2020 at 7:53 am
                A. MAZ. ING 😲😲😲😲😲😲😲
                • krazykatgirl
                  krazykatgirlTuesday, May 19, 2020 at 2:55 pm
                  That is so so cool!😎 I wonder if he named it? If so,I wonder what he would name it?
                  • coolvae
                    coolvaeMonday, August 24, 2020 at 11:59 am
                    A.MAZ.ING. there are 2 stars instead of 1! cool!
                  • petlover01fav
                    petlover01favThursday, May 7, 2020 at 9:46 am
                    #StarWars
                    • katnip_everdeen
                      katnip_everdeenTuesday, May 5, 2020 at 11:50 am
                      This kid is destined to be great.