Sperm Whales Washed Up In Germany Had Plastic Waste In Their Stomachs


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Beached Sperm Whales in Germany (Photo Credit: Lee Smith via Greenpeace.org)

In January and February of 2016, a total of 13 young sperm whales washed up on the beach near the town of Tönning in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. An autopsy revealed that the whales had all died of heart failure. The researchers believe that the young bulls, all between 10-15 years old, may have entered the North Sea by mistake. Since the sea floor here is too shallow for these deep sea dwellers, it caused the whales to become disoriented and perish.

While that is certainly sad, what is worse is the amount of plastic the scientists discovered inside the mammals’ stomachs. Among the man-made trash mistakenly ingested by the young whales was the remains of a 13-meter long and 1.2-meter wide safety net used for shrimp fishing. The scientists also found a 70-centimeter-long plastic cover from a car engine and some sharp-edged pieces from a plastic bucket.

Environment Minister Robert Habeck (left) and Gerd Meurs shear show waste parts that were found in sperm whale stomachs. Photo Credit: Claussen / LKN.SH

Though the plastic was not responsible for the death of the sperm whales, the discovery is a harsh reminder of the harmful consequences of our plastic ridden society. Ursula Siebert, head of the Institute for Terrestrial and Aquatic Wildlife Research at the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, whose team examined the sperm whales, says, "If the whales had survived, the garbage in their guts might have caused digestive problems down the line." Also, as the whales eat more trash, it may give them the false comfort of being full and reduce their desire to feed, resulting in malnutrition.

Sperm whales are not the only marine animals hurt by the increasing amount of plastic in our oceans. Sea turtles also mistake the brightly colored trash for food. As pieces of the man-made material get stuck in the animal's digestive tract, they result in a build-up of gas causing what scientists refer to as "floater syndrome." As the name indicates, it means that the turtles can no longer dive deep into the ocean to seek food. Instead, they just float on the surface of the water and if not rescued in time, starve to death.

According to researchers from the University of Queensland, in the past six to seven years, the number of marine life species ingesting or getting entangled in plastic has increased almost three-fold, from 250 to 700. The scientists warn that even the tiny plankton, the food source for many marine animals, is consuming the trash.

Sea turtles with "floaters syndrome" (Photo Credit: University of Queensland)

Dr. Qamar Schuyler from the UQ School of Biological Sciences says: “Unfortunately, what this means is that if the bottom of the food chain is eating plastic, it bio-accumulates up the food chain, and there have been several studies that have looked at food fish – fish that we go out, and purchase – and even these fish have plastics in their intestines.”

If the possibility of consuming seafood filled with plastic does not serve a wake-up call to change our careless habits, we don't know what will!

Resources: Telegraph.co.uk, Greenpeace.org, Dailymail.co.uk

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  • eagle_fan11
    eagle_fan11Friday, March 26, 2021 at 4:24 am
    Why people why do you litter you don't understand you are killing marine animals that don't do anything to us stop PLEASE!!!!!!!!!!!!!😭😭
    • tigerlil92
      tigerlil92Wednesday, March 24, 2021 at 2:36 pm
      I don’t know what to say besides STOP THROWING GARBAGE IN THE OCEAN PEOPLE it would help marine animals a hole lot! P.s sorry if that sounded mean or harsh.
      • lunabunny
        lunabunnyTuesday, December 1, 2020 at 1:27 pm
        • lunabunny
          lunabunnyTuesday, December 1, 2020 at 1:25 pm
          OMG so sad!!😭Those poor things! They do not deserve this!!!😢
          • therealsnakes
            therealsnakesTuesday, December 1, 2020 at 7:20 am
            That is super sad 😢
            • shootingstars
              shootingstarsTuesday, December 1, 2020 at 6:55 am
              That's so heartbreaking! :((
              • kotlcfitzphie12
                kotlcfitzphie12Monday, November 30, 2020 at 4:06 pm
                That's so sad! 😭
                • jyroligykunixy
                  jyroligykunixyMonday, November 30, 2020 at 3:34 pm
                  • optimus_fan
                    optimus_fanMonday, November 30, 2020 at 2:39 pm
                    Poor sea creatures
                    • bsc
                      bscMonday, November 30, 2020 at 2:24 pm
                      That's so sad!